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There comes a point in which positive emotions for a marriage can be lost, maybe after years of conflict or withdrawal. Or maybe feelings change after a betrayal. Divorce becomes a solution to a problem. Will a divorce really solve it? Could staying in the marriage be a possibility? If there is interest in preventing divorce, click here.

If divorce is unavoidable, our divorce help is designed to take the war out of the words and reduce the stress on parents and children.

Dealing with Divorce

How to Tell the Kids About Divorce

Protecting Children in Divorce

Is Divorce a Sin?

Broken Family


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Interested in mediation?  Visit our mediation page by clicking here.

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Couple Negotiating

Why use Family Restructuring Therapy before or after a divorce?

  • To reduce the negative effects of divorce on children.
  • To learn how to communicate and problem-solve in high conflict
  • To rebuild estranged or alienated relationships with kids
  • To learn about children’s needs in co-parenting
  • To obtain expert guidance in divorce recovery

Family Restructuring Therapy for Co-Parenting

Family Restructuring Therapy is based on the work by Dr. Stephen Carter and is an active and directive process used to address ongoing conflict between co-parents that seriously affect the children. It provides new ways to co-parent, and can be used to develop and refine parenting plans, and provide reunification therapy. It can be used to rebuild a working relationship between parents, and between parents and children. Parents are actively coached how to make agreements and adjust agreements based on follow-through. No one shall be pressured to make an agreement. Progress or lack of progress is documented by the therapist and may be reported to the Court.

Family Restructuring Therapy can be court-directed, referred by counsel, or self-referred. Family Restructuring Therapy can take place pre- or post-settlement, and is useful to head off more intrusive interventions such as a custody evaluation.

If there are serious and unproven allegations affecting custody then Family Restructuring Therapy is not appropriate. An assessment or trial is likely a better alternative. Family Restructuring Therapy can be used after allegations are examined and found unsubstantiated.

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I am a marriage and family therapist, licensed clinical professional counselor, court-approved divorce mediator and nationally certified parenting coordinator. I have over 20 years of experience working with children and adolescents and the legal system. I currently provide therapy to children, adolescents, couples and families. I understand child development, the impact of family conflict and divorce on parents and children, and patterns of abuse, neglect, and domestic violence.

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Why Use Family Restructuring Therapy?

Family Restructuring Therapy has one goal: to benefit your children. Parental conflict has a high negative impact on children. Parental conflict is related to emotional problems, behavioral problems, academic/learning problems, depression and anxiety, substance use, precocious sexual activity, antisocial behavior, high school drop-out, suicide/self-harm, not attending college, poor adult relationships, and even lower career attainment for children living in a high-conflict divorce. Dr. Carter gives this example of a preteen girl who stated, “Genetically, I am 50 percent my mother. Since my father hates my mother, that part of me must be bad. I am also 50 percent genetically my father. Since my mother hates my mother there goes the other half. I must be all bad so what does it matter if I cut myself.”  Many children do not verbalize their feelings, but instead show their allegiance to one (or both) of the parents over the other in hopes that conflict will be minimized. There is a need for parents to work together that surpasses the injustices of the relationship, unless there is ongoing abuse or neglect. Children need protection from parental conflict. Only parents working together can prevent the harmful effects of Visitation Refusal or How One Parent Undermines the Other Parent.

Family Restructuring Therapy is a therapeutic process, not an assessment or evaluation. A therapist should never make recommendations regarding custody and/or access without a complete custody evaluation.

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  • Each parent meets with the therapist once. Thereafter, meetings are conjoint unless an exception occurs by mutual agreement.
  • All sessions, except the first, are focused on describing the present and future, without placing blame. No parent can make demands or direct the other parent. The only way to look back is to admit one’s own mistakes that led to harm.
  • It is expected that both parties will behave in a cordial manner and if inappropriate behavior occurs during the session, the session is subject to early termination and will resume at the next scheduled session.
  • If any agreements are reached they will be documented by the therapist and not either of the parties. Copies will be given to both parties.
  • All activities related to the family (direct client contact, telephone and email contact, communication with counsel or the Court, report-writing) are billable time and are not subject to insurance reimbursement (criteria need to be met for direct client contact to be submissible to insurance).
  • Outside communication is postponed except in the case of emergencies, and only via email (or other agreeable medium.) Emails must follow 10 commandments:
  1. Maximum one e-mail per day.
  2. Maximum one topic per e-mail.
  3. Everything written must be child-focused, informative, and polite.
  4. You cannot talk about the past, make accusations, call names or otherwise blame the other.
  5. You must copy all e-mails to the therapist.
  6. Maximum 40 words per e-mail – ideally less than 20 are preferable.
  7. Responses are made within 24 hours but not within 3 hours, except in emergencies.
  8. If there is a request, a specific proposal can be included.
  9. Responses indicate acknowledgement and agreement, and for that which you disagree a counter-proposal is made, or it will be discussed in counseling.
  10. Use the given email address or a communication tool like Our Family Wizard.

Protecting Children in Divorce

Reunification Therapy

Visitation Refusal

How One Parent Undermines the Other Parent

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Supervised visitation is centered on maintaining or building a relationship between child and parent. If both parents provide a clear show of support for the importance of a relationship with both parents, the positive effects on the kids over time is powerful. It says that the kids are more important than the parent’s differences. In the case of domestic violence, abuse or neglect, kids and both parents would need to be prepared by a counselor who has been trained in domestic violence, abuse and neglect. Supervised visitation is about parents working together with a neutral third party to create a sense of safety. It gives the kids a sense of peace that parents will be okay and that a relationship with each parent will be okay. It is a chance at positive, consistent and calm interaction. 

During the time together, activities and conversation about a variety of topics is facilitated. While it is not counseling or therapy, visitation supervised by a counselor has the advantage of available interventions designed to redirect communication in such a way that it is productive and resolves conflict. All participants agree how to express themselves, to not talk negatively about others, and avoid asking children to convey information about the other parent. It is in the child’s best interest that neither parent does not intentionally do anything to impair the natural development of the children’s love and respect for the other parent.

Research indicates that not only do children benefit from a relationship with both parents, but in retrospect, children wish they had more time with the non-custodial parent and that children can still feel rejected by estranged and alienated parents. Adult children reported that they wish someone had helped them with their relationship with the “other” parent.

It is essential that both parents are at ease with this process. The emotions of the parents affect the experience of the children. “It is easy to see how toxic parents can become in their ability to serve as a secure base or a haven of safety when they get so preoccupied with their own needs, pride, shame, or selfishness, or their anger at the other parent over betrayal or humiliation. How can I comfort my child when I myself am frightened? How can I tolerate my child having successes under your supervision if it is all about me, not about them?” (Everett Waters). Addressing each parent’s concerns to reduce anxiety helps increase success with supervised visitation.

Supervised Visitation Directory

What is Attachment?

Parents, Attachment and Kids

Visitation Refusal

How One Parent Undermines the Other Parent

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What is Parenting Coordination?

  • A dispute resolution process that focuses on the children’s needs to minimize repeated returns to court and/or ongoing conflict. Parenting Coordination is a process that combines dispute assessment, case management, parent education, mediation, and if necessary arbitration either by court order or parent consent agreements.
  • An alternative way to revise, strengthen and develop adherence to a parenting plan.
  • A quicker analysis and resolution of child-related parental disputes.
  • Education about developmental needs of the children.
  • Ways to communicate and problem-solve in high conflict situations.
  • An avenue to rebuilding relationships with estranged or alienated parents.
  • A relief and stabilizing alternative to a volatile or adversarial history reducing risk factors for children and stemming the drain on family financial and emotional resources.

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  • Parenting schedules, access to children, holidays, vacations, temporary variations, transitions.
  • Children’s recreational and enrichment activities.
  • Education or daycare issues.
  • Health care.
  • Religious observances.
  • Parenting issues.
  • Substance use.
  • Role of a significant other.
  • Children’s special needs.

Note that a parenting coordinator does not resolve the matter of custody, but may be used on an interim basis to address the implementation of a temporary parenting plan.



Parenting Coordination Is Not:

  • A custody evaluation or assessment.
  • Therapy or treatment.
  • Only mediation.
  • Legal representation

Parenting Coordinator Qualifications:

  • Mediation Training and Experience
  • Licensed Mental Health or Legal Professional in area related to families
  • Extensive Practical Experience with high conflict families
  • Parenting Coordination Training
  • Continuing Education and Peer Consultation

Dan Blair, LMFT, LCPC, NCPC is a Nationally Certified Parenting Coordinator and is trained to draft arbitration decisions with precision. Please call with questions, or to see sample Parenting Coordinator Agreements and Arbitration Decisions.

Protecting Children in Divorce

Reunification Therapy

Visitation Refusal

How One Parent Undermines the Other Parent


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